Social Good

Is Pasture Raised Better than Free Range?

By Jesse Laflamme

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At Nellie’s, we recognize that the egg aisle is a confusing place. We hope that over time, our brand can earn your trust so that instead of having to understand every industry term out there like cage free, free range, or pasture raised, that you can simply reach for our package with confidence because you know we’re doing the right thing for hens, farmers, and for you. My family has been raising chickens for three decades. We have the hard won expertise that comes from doing something for a long time and constantly improving on it as you go. I think that makes our company very unique in the egg industry. We hope that our customers come to understand that we care so much about our hens that if there was a better way to raise them — we’d be doing it.

For many decades, the egg aisle has been almost entirely caged eggs coming from hens living truly horrific lives. Finally, after years of advocacy and the growing awareness of consumers about this barbaric form of agriculture, things are beginning to change. We expect that caged eggs will be a thing of the past within the next 10 years. That’s great news for chickens, and for all of us. But, it also means that there will now be lots of less scrupulous companies trying to jump on the bandwagon. In most cases, this will be the former caged producers now producing cage free eggs, but essentially using the same industrial approach they used in the past. It will represent a marginal improvement in hen welfare, because they will finally be able to move around. But the facilities where they are raised will in no way represent what a consumer would consider to be a farm in terms of scale, crowding, cleanliness or transparency.

On the other side, there is also a group of companies competing to persuade customers that our Certified Humane Free Range standard is somehow not sufficient or adequately humane.

Outdoor Space Isn’t An Arms Race

The Certified Humane Free Range standard was developed by scientists and animal welfare experts. It calls for 2 sq. ft. of outdoor access on grass per hen. Now, this may not sound like much if you imagine a bunch of hens all occupying their own little 2’ X 2’ patch of grass. However, it’s important to note that this is just an average over a huge flock, and that not all of the hens use the pasture space at the same time. Not even close. Hens are actually a lot like people in this regard. Whether it’s cool outside, hot outside, or a perfect 70 degrees, a great many of them would simply prefer to be inside at any given moment. In fact, in a typical flock, there are hens that never want to leave the barn. It’s safe, comfortable, cool in the summer, warm in the winter, and there’s fresh water and feed. As a company, we don’t force hens to go outside. We give them ample ways to access the outdoors, and then let the hens decide. If you spend time watching our girls, you will see a steady stream of hens entering and exiting the barns. At any given point in time, the hens that are outside have far more than 2 sq. ft. apiece. And they are very social birds, so while they don’t wish to be crammed into giant warehouses, or tiny cages, they do want to huddle into little groups and cliques to cluck about whatever is on their minds. So there is always more grass and dirt areas open than occupied.

Pasture Raised brands are advertising that they offer from 35 sq. ft. to 108 sq. ft. per hen and suggesting that 2 sq. ft. is insufficient. More is not better in this case. More is just more. And it costs the farmers more to own and maintain that extra space for no discernible purpose that we can see. Agriculture land is scarce and expensive, so forcing small farm families to operate and maintain an excess of it just to brag about how much square footage each hen gets seems insincere and gratuitous to us.

There is a category of very small farms that can make the larger space work economically. But those are typically mixed use, hobby-style, micro farms that exist in a completely separate economic climate, selling to farmers’ markets, CSAs, and to their local area at considerably higher prices. Mainstream grocery distribution requires a higher level of efficiency in order to even get on the shelf. So we support this other style of farm wholeheartedly, just as we support backyard chicken coops, but they are a very small piece of the larger change we seek.

Our bottom line at Nellie’s is first, what is right for the hens? We believe that we understand that better than anyone in the industry and follow the independently audited standard set by Humane Farm Animal Care for Free Range. Second, we want to do what is right for our farmers, and that means helping them raise hens humanely without undue costs. Third, by doing the latter, we can deliver great eggs to our consumers at a reasonable price.

It is an exciting time to be in the business of producing humane, ethical eggs. In my lifetime, I have not seen the industry change this dramatically or quickly. Over the next year, we believe many more consumers will begin to decide what they think a reasonable egg farm should look like. We believe that a small family farm producing to the Certified Humane Free Range standard is the best way to meet our country’s egg demands in a humane, sustainable way. We don’t believe that means there is no such thing as too much space for hens, and we’re pretty sure the hens don’t either. So we will continue to try to balance the needs of hens, our farmers, and our loyal customers as best we can.


SonjaJuly 10, 2020

My husband & I do appreciate the look and taste of your eggs. Regarding the feed you use. I wonder why you are not stating the feed is Non-GMO...We are, after all, what your hens eat. All vegetarian doesn't mean the feed isn't artificially developed. We do want to thank you and yours for your care of the hens and ultimately for us, your buyers.


Hi Sonja, You have a great question! When our free range hens aren’t pecking around for insects in the pasture, they enjoy a supplemental feed consisting mainly of corn and soy. The soy provides them with the extra protein they need to maintain a well balanced diet, and the corn is a great source of carbohydrates. There are also a wide range of other beneficial nutrients and minerals in our feed that help to keep the hens healthy, such as electrolytes, sodium bicarbonate, and more. Let us know if you have any follow-up questions! ~Marco

James DegierSeptember 10, 2019

Do you feed the hens with non GMO corn? Thanks


Hi James, Our free range hens are fed conventional grain from reputable suppliers, but we cannot guarantee that this feed is free of pesticides or GMOs, and therefore it cannot be considered organic. Our eggs are a great choice for customers who would like eggs from hens treated with kindness and to the Certified Humane Free Range standard, but at a lower cost than organic eggs We do, however, offer another option for customers who are concerned about pesticides and GMOs. Our Pete and Gerry’s Organic eggs are produced by Certified Humane Free Range hens also raised on small family farms, but these hens are fed exclusively organic grain which is free of any pesticides or GMOs. Our organic eggs are a little more expensive because of the feed costs, but we feel it is a fair price for bringing organic eggs to market without shortcuts. Thanks for reaching out!

Thomas R EarlJuly 20, 2019

Thanks for the information. I purchase your eggs from Giant Food in VA.


Our pleasure, Thomas. Thank you for supporting our free range farms by purchasing our eggs from your local Giant!

Auntie LaneyJuly 18, 2019

Is there corn in their feed?


Our chicken feed does indeed contain corn, which we've found to be essential for providing nutrients and carbohydrates to our hens. Please don't hesitate to send us an email at [email protected] with any further questions!

LBMay 10, 2019

Are you hens fed grain?


Great question, LB! We do provide a supplementary feed containing corn and soy. Although our hens get lots of nutrients from foraging outdoors, hens are not ruminants and even pasture raised hens cannot subsist solely on outdoor forage.

JimMay 10, 2019

Thank you for explaining the difference between free range vs. pasture raised and your approach to raising hens and eggs. I believe In Your product, philosophy, and the information you provide will ensure I stay a loyal customer.


We can't think you enough for your loyalty, but more importantly, for being an informed consumer. Thank you for supporting our free range farms, Jim!

Julia Campla October 30, 2018

Hens rock if you we were more like them we’d be a friendly planet ... those roosters tho .. hahaha I knew all able them suckers ... they can hurt you if they feel threatened ... that big rooster 🐔 my dad had ... no wild animal were gonna mess with him ! Lol 😂 keep doing eggs right ! Thank you caring about our animals


Hi Julia, thanks for the feedback!

Jennifer HallinOctober 30, 2018

Thank you God and Nellies for finally caring about egg laying hens ! I have struggled all my life with factory farming and chosen not to eat anything coming from a factory farm ! But, my heart still aches for the animals forced to endure this . Any progress is SO important and I am so happy that things are shifting away from the awful factory farms of the past %! Thank you Nellies for being a leader in the industry and proving you can make a living and still turn out a great product without making life unbearable for animals ! I applaud you’re efforts 💯%. !! Thank you to all at Nellies!!🐣🐥🐤❤️


Hi Jennifer, it has always been our goal to educate our consumers on why we do the things we do. We know it's not easy but it certainly is worth it. Thank you for supporting our humane farming efforts.

Mario October 25, 2018

You should be ashamed of yourself! Thank god for people who really care and show to the rest of the world who you really are and expose your lies to your now ex customers! There is footage on-line showing thousands of chickens crammed tightly together and visitors founding it difficult to avoid stepping on them. Even though the birds weren’t kept in cages, they still had only a little more than a square foot of space each. Such restricted space prevents chickens from performing natural types of behavior, such as extending their wings, stretching their necks for foraging activities, and properly roosting and resting. Birds were missing feathers and beaks! I'm telling everyone I know and posting on my Facebook.


Hello Mario, at Nellie’s Free Range, we are deeply committed to ethical egg production on free range small family farms. In 2003 we became the first Certified Humane egg producer in the US. We also believe in transparency when it comes to food production. That’s why we conduct public tours on family farms to allow consumers to come and see exactly how our eggs are produced. During those tours we allow photography and videos because we are proud of the way we produce and have nothing to hide. The photo in question was captured on one of those tours. Every aspect of the Frey Family Farm depicted in the photo meets Certified Humane’s Free Range standards. The hens have the ability to move freely throughout the barn and to go outside onto grass pasture. Free range and pasture-raised hens spend part of their days inside and part outside. Hens are social animals and like to congregate closely together. So while it may look crowded, we assure you the hens are comfortable. If you’re interested in getting a more comprehensive look at our farms, the following video is a great resource: If you have any additional questions, please feel free to send us a direct message or email us at [email protected], as we’d be happy to answer them.